"While our goals are global, they can most effectively be achieved through action at the local level."

Kofi Annan, 7th Secretary-General of the United Nations



Villages, towns and cities are important key players for biodiversity. Throughout Europe, municipal politicians, technical staff and citizens can make the biggest difference when it comes to preserving biodiversity within and around their settlements.
Four out of five Europeans live in cities and towns. They depend on biodiversity from the surrounding landscapes, mostly without being aware of it.  Man-made and virtual surroundings dominate the senses and lives of urban citizens. So that to a large degree they have lost contact with the diverse multitude of life that keeps them alive. This is one of the reasons, why many of them find it difficult to connect with nature and can hardly understand the pressing importance of preserving biodiversity. So, through adequate action and communication about the significance of biodiversity, municipalities could be leaders in making the population aware of the need to stop the loss of biodiversity.  

In the decision IX/28 of the 9th Conference of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) held in Bonn in 2008, underlines that successful biodiversity conservation requires full dedication of cities and local authorities.



  • Include biodiversity objectives in local land use planning
  • Promote the extension and accessibility of green areas
  • Manage public green spaces in a nature-oriented way
  • Protect habitats and species and create green corridors for connecting biotopes
  • Support the nature reserves on their territory
  • Include biodiversity as a procurement criteria
  • Inform and rise awareness among citizens and key actors, and promote and support their active engagement in biodiversity protection


Click here to find best practice examples on local biodiversity